This is one of the most flourishing towns in the south of Russia; and its merchants have long carried on a lucrative trade with the Black sea and the Crimea, and travel annually to Tobolsk to buy furs, which they afterward take to the great German fairs. The town has also some soap, tallow, leather, and woollen-cloth factories. It is supposed to be among the oldest Russian towns, and is spoken of as existing in the twelfth century. Here Peter the Great built a palace, and established a dockyard, arsenal, &c.; but the latter establishments were afterward removed successively to Ustea, Tavrov, and Rostov: and nearly all traces of the palace and magazines have been obliterated by the frequent fires from which the town has since suffered.
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Sears, Robert. An Illustrated Description of the Russian Empire. New York: Robert Sears, 1855