Illustrated Description Of Russia

the List of Illustrations

Gipsy Woman and Child

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Gipsy Woman and Child

Gipsy Woman and Child.

The gipsies wander homeless through Esthonia, Livonia, and Courland, as through other countries, and continue their old nomadic way of life, in spite of the severest laws against them. They are less numerous in Livonia than in Courland. They employ themselves much in the same way as in other countries, namely, as horse-stealers, cattle-dealers, tinkers, &c. They are in many cases still permitted to remain under the command of their own chiefs or gipsy kings, because they pay more respect to them than to any other authorities, and because these chiefs can be made responsible for the offences of their subjects. For instance, if a gipsy king is threatened with punishment for the thefts of his people, the offender is goon discovered.

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Sears, Robert. An Illustrated Description of the Russian Empire. New York: Robert Sears, 1855